miércoles, 6 de febrero de 2008

Nueva Germania

Nueva Germania (New Germania) is a village in the San Pedro Department of Paraguay. The Nueva Germania settlement was founded in 1888 as a "racially pure" utopian settlement of the Aryan race by Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche and her husband, the anti-Semitic agitator Bernhard Förster. Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, sister of philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, is believed to have first conceived the scheme after reading Richard Wagner's 1880 essay 'Religion and Art,' in which the composer "ranted against Germany's 1871 emancipation of the Jews."[1]
Originally five, then fourteen families emigrated from Saxony to rural Paraguay - envisioned as a fertile paradise in which would blossom a model rural society that demonstrated the qualities of German culture. The area's remoteness was thought to allow protection for their unique German culture and allow it to flourish.
Nonetheless, the settlers were unprepared for the hardships of working the land, which was not suitable for German methods of farming. Illness ran rampant, and transportation to the colony was slow and difficult. With the project increasingly mired in debt, Bernhard Förster fatally poisoned himself in a Paraguayan hotel, and Elisabeth returned home.
After the Second World War, Nueva Germania became a haven for Nazis fleeing criminal prosecution. Josef Mengele was among those who relocated to the colony.

Also place for a swiss guy born in Brasil! Hi Gilberto!

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